Salone ranked 9th out of 16 Countries in West Africa

The 2011 Ibrahim Index of African Governance shows that balance, equity and inclusiveness are key to governance quality across the continent
Dakar, Johannesburg, London, Nairobi: The 2011 Ibrahim Index of African Governance was launched on Monday 10th October, 2011 by the Mo Ibrahim Foundation, an organisation that supports good governance and great leadership in Africa. The Index provides full details of Sierra Leone’s performance across the four categories of governance as assessed by the Index: Safety & Rule of Law, Participation & Human Rights, Sustainable Economic Opportunity and Human Development.
Sierra Leone has improved in all four categories of the Index. Established in 2007, the Ibrahim Index is the most comprehensive collection of quantitative data providing an annual assessment of governance performance in every African country.
Sierra Leone’s performance in the 2011 Ibrahim Index of African Governance:
• Sierra Leone scores 48 (out of 100) for governance quality and is ranked 30th out of 53 countries.
• Sierra Leone scores lower than the regional average for West Africa which is 51.
• Sierra Leone scores lower than the continental average which is 50.
• At sub-category level, Sierra Leone’s highest rank is in Personal Safety and Rights (14th) and lowest in Health (50th).
• Over the past five years Sierra Leone’s overall governance quality improved (between 2006 and 2010).
• Sierra Leone is ranked 9th out of 16 countries in West Africa.
Sierra Leone’s category and sub-category scores:
Rank (of 53) Category / sub-category Country Score (100 = highest) African Average Score (100 = highest)
30th Overall 48 50
22nd Safety and Rule of Law 58 53
24th Rule of Law 50 48
30th Accountability 40 43
14th Personal Safety 55 44
17th National Security 89 78
19th Participation and Human Rights 53 45
15th Participation 60 42
14th Rights 56 43
35th Gender 44 51
33rd Sustainable Economic Opportunity 43 47
33rd Public Management 55 56
29th Business Environment 49 50
47th Infrastructure 14 31
26th Rural Sector 55 54
49th Human Development 38 56
41st Welfare 41 52
45th Education 35 51
50th Health 38 66
West Africa’s performance in the 2011 Ibrahim Index of African Governance:

• West Africa is ranked 3rd for overall governance quality and Sustainable Economic Opportunity.
• West Africa performs more strongly in Safety & Rule of Law and Participation & Human Rights, ranking 2nd and scoring above the continental average.
• West Africa’s poorest performance is in Human Development in which it is ranked 4th out of five regions.
• West Africa scores below the continental average in almost half of the Index sub-categories. However West Africa is the strongest region in Personal Safety and Rights.
• Cape Verde is ranked 1st in the region for governance quality and all four categories. Cape Verde is also ranked in the top ten in the continent for all sub-categories and in the top five for all categories. Cape Verde demonstrates balanced performance.
Overall results of the 2011 Ibrahim Index of African Governance:
The Index shows that countries that pursue a balanced approach to all dimensions of governance achieve the most success. But the overall general trend in Africa is one of imbalance. Many countries have improved in both Sustainable Economic Opportunity and Human Development, but this progress has not been mirrored in Safety & Rule of Law and Participation & Human Rights.

Key Index findings across the past five years (2006 to 2010) show that:
• Large differences in performances between countries and across categories are marked by the unchanged continental average of 50 for overall governance quality.
• The most striking improvements have been achieved by Liberia and Sierra Leone, two countries emerging from lengthy civil wars:
Liberia improved across all four categories and 13 out of 14 sub-categories.
Sierra Leone has also improved across all four categories.
• Countries that have consistently ranked in the top five for overall governance performance (Mauritius, Cape Verde, Botswana, Seychelles and South Africa) have, up to now, also performed highly in all four categories.
• Togo and Angola have also seen meaningful improvements:
o Togo’s score has increased in all four categories, in particular Participation & Human Rights, which was Togo’s weakest score in 2006.
o Angola has improved in three categories, in particular Participation & Human Rights and Human Development, which were Angola’s weakest scores in 2006.
• Egypt, Libya and Tunisia demonstrate starkly the imbalance between weak performance in Safety & Rule of Law and Participation & Human Rights and strong performance in Sustainable Economic Opportunity and Human Development. This imbalance between the countries’ performance in Human Development and Participation and Human Rights might well have been a trigger for instability.
While all three countries are ranked in the top ten in Human Development, with Egypt and Tunisia also ranked in the top ten for Sustainable Economic Opportunity, all three countries are ranked in the bottom half of the Index for Participation & Human Rights, with scores that are below the continental average.
• Category trends:
o Sustainable Economic Opportunity: 38 countries improved, three significantly. No country has declined significantly.
o Human Development: 48 countries improved. In the Health sub-category in particular all but two countries improved and neither of the two declines was significant.
o Safety & Rule of Law: 36 countries declined, one significantly.
o Participation & Human Rights: 39 countries declined, one significantly.
o The greatest declines in Safety & Rule of Law and Participation & Human Rights are substantially larger than the concurrent improvements in Sustainable Economic Opportunity and Human Development.
Commenting on the 2011 Index Mo Ibrahim, Founder and Chair of the Foundation, said:
“We have seen this year that Africa’s young majority are no longer willing to stand for the selective approach to governance adopted by many of our continent’s governments. Our young people are demanding a holistic, equitable and inclusive approach to the management of their countries. The Index findings echo these demands – achievements in economic management and human development, however striking, will not be realised if a democratic deficit persists. Africa’s success stories are delivering the whole range of the public goods and services that citizens have a right to expect and are forging a path that we hope more will follow.”
Top five in the 2011 Ibrahim Index

Rank Country Score
1st Mauritius 82
2nd Cape Verde 79
3rd Botswana 76
4th Seychelles 73
5th South Africa 71

Bottom five in the 2011 Ibrahim Index

Rank Country Score
49th Central African Republic 33
50th Congo Democratic Rep. 32
51st Zimbabwe 31
52nd Chad 31
53rd Somalia 8

The governance indicators measured by the Index are grouped into four overall categories (made up of constituent sub-categories):
• Safety & Rule of Law (Rule of Law, Accountability, Personal Safety, National Security)
• Participation & Human Rights (Participation, Rights, Gender)
• Sustainable Economic Opportunity (Public Management, Business Environment, Infrastructure, Rural Sector)
• Human Development (Welfare, Education, Health)
The 2011 Ibrahim Index includes new indicators assessing physical and telecommunications infrastructure; gender; health; welfare service provision; and economic management.
The Ibrahim Index is improved each year to ensure it is a living tool. Previous years’ data are recalculated in line with improvements made to the Index’s structure and to reflect newly available data. The lack of comprehensive and robust data on Africa means that assessment of key areas of governance, particularly income poverty; continue to be excluded from the Ibrahim Index. The Foundation is strongly committed to the issue of strengthening African statistical capacity.
The data set used to calculate the 2011 Ibrahim Index contains data from 2000 to 2010, prior to South Sudan’s secession from Sudan. As with any governance index, margins of error exist in the Ibrahim Index. The Foundation is transparent in publishing standard errors and confidence intervals for every country alongside the overall and category scores to reflect uncertainty, the main sources of which are missing data and measurement errors. Margins of error are available on the Foundation’s website. A decline or improvement is described as “significant” through the use of standard statistical methodology at a 90% confidence level and as “meaningful” at a 75% confidence level. However, some analysts may find it instructive to examine movements below this threshold.
The countries described as showing significant score increases or declines are:
• Improvements in overall governance quality: Liberia, Sierra Leone
• Declines in overall governance quality: Madagascar
• Improvements in Sustainable Economic Opportunity: Central African Republic, Egypt, and Sierra Leone
• Declines in Safety & Rule of Law: Madagascar
• Declines in Participation & Human Rights: Madagascar
Comparisons between sub-categories should only be made on the basis of rank. These comparisons are relative (not absolute) for each country.
The regional groupings are those used by the African Development Bank (
Central Africa: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Congo,
Equatorial Guinea, Gabon.
East Africa: Burundi, Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Seychelles, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda.
North Africa: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Tunisia.
Southern Africa: Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
West Africa: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Côte d’Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, São Tomé & Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone.

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